Cerebral Palsy diagnosis can be made on the basis of clinical assessment which include detail history and physical examination . usually they does not require any investigation except in doubtful cases and to confirm the etiology of brain damage. they may need MRI, CT scan , Genetic and metabolic assessment. Early cerebral palsy diagnosis & early intervention in the form of physiotherapy always give excellent outcome.
Cerebral Palsy Causes
In most of the cases (approx. 70%), Cerebral Palsy originates due to brain injury during a baby’s evolution in the womb. Some of the additional cases are also diagnosed in which brain injury occurs during the birthing process. Premature delivery particularly those who have weight less than 3.3 pounds (1.510 gms ) are more vulnerable. Some of the major causes of Cerebral Palsy are:-
1. Infection during pregnancy: It directly harms the developing nervous system of the fetus. Also, some virus and parasites like toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus (TORCH) etc. are responsible for infection.
2. Intense jaundice in the infant : in the case of new-borns, jaundice is treated with light therapy however, in some rare cases, intense and uncured jaundice can damage the brain cells.
3. Incompatibility of antibodies or RH between mother and infant: in this case the mother’s body may behave as allergic to the baby and this will cause to the attack of antibodies to fetus’s red blood cells, and this creates anemia. Finally it causes severe brain damage in the fetus or causes cerebral Palsy.
4. Significant trauma to the head during delivery : severe lack of oxygen to the brain during delivery also causes brain damage in infants.