Who We Are?
Samvedna Trust is a fully charitable trust & working for children & adult with cerebral palsy & other physical disability. in last 9 year trust has managed > 1800 children with cerebral palsy & organized >1000 camps for cerebral palsy affected children in various part of India
Cerebral Palsy- An Overview
Cerebral palsy is the term used to define most common neurological disorder that occurs in infancy or in childhood, and after that it permanently affects body movement and causes lack of muscle coordination but it didn’t get worse over period of time. Cerebral palsy is the disorder that causes impair control of movement due to damage in the developing brain. Cerebral Palsy is non-escalating brain disorder, means it doesn’t go worse throughout life. Its proper symptoms can be detected between the ages of 2 to 3. The child will feel mental retardation and also may have learning disabilities, speech, and vision or hearing problem. Premature infants are mostly vulnerable to this disorder. Cerebral Palsy also sometimes caused genetically.
Cerebral Palsy is broadly classified into three types
Spastic cerebral palsy:- child feels difficult to move and have rigid movement.
Athetoid cerebral Palsy :- child has intemperate movement among body part.
Ataxic cerebral palsy :- unable to have sense of balance and depth perception.
Diagnosis of Cerebral Palsy
The diagnosis of cerebral palsy requires physical examination of subject. The physical examination involves movement control and development delays. Subject goes for further examination of cerebral palsy (CT or MRI) after physical examination. The most important thing in diagnosis of cerebral palsy is “age” means at which age the cerebral palsy is diagnosed however, there is no such kind of best age to diagnose cerebral palsy. The diagnosis of cerebral palsy mainly occurs between ages of 1 to 3 years. Some diagnosis requires full development of brain. The diagnosis of early cerebral palsy shows more accurate result.
In most of the cases (approx. 70%), Cerebral Palsy originates due to brain injury during a baby’s evolution in the womb. Some of the additional cases are also diagnosed in which brain injury occurs during the birthing process. Premature delivery particularly those who have weight less than 3.3 pounds (1.510 gms ) are more vulnerable. Some of the major causes of Cerebral Palsy are:-
1. Infection during pregnancy: It directly harms the developingnervous system of the foetus. Also, some virus and parasites like toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus etc. are responsible for infection.
2. Intense jaundice in the infant : in the case of new-borns, jaundice is treated with light therapy however, in some rare cases, intense and uncured jaundice can damage the brain cells.
3. Incompatibility of antibodies or RH between mother and infant: in this case the mother’s body may behave as allergic to the baby and this will cause to the attack of antibodies to fetus’s red blood cells, and this creates anemia. Finally it causes severe brain damage in the fetus or causes cerebral Palsy.
4. Significant trauma to the head during delivery : severe lack of oxygen to the brain during delivery also causes brain damage in infants.
Cerebral Palsy Treatment
There is no such cure of cerebral palsy; however, a proper cerebral palsy treatment can enhance the capabilities of a child. Cerebral Palsy treatment includes various therapies like physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy. Under cerebral palsy treatment, utilization of various drug control seizures and to alleviate pain is done. Cerebral Palsy surgery treatment is used to formulate anatomical abnormalities or release tight muscles, a type of braces and some kind of orthotic devices are also use involved in cerebral palsy surgery treatment. Communication aids like computers with attached voice synthesizers are used in this treatment. The treatment of a child begins soon after complete diagnosis and sometime it continues all through the child’s life. By having proper physical therapy, cerebral palsy surgery could be prevented. But, after surgery a kind of specialized physical therapy needed in a controlled environment from 6 to 12 months.